Barge

Barge is one of many ways of delivering oil in the midstream industry. It is similar to oil tankers, only smaller and can’t move on its own. They usually operate on rivers and canals, carrying…

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Enhanced oil recovery is the tertiary oil production. It is a method to increase production of a well up to 75%. It does not rely on natural rise of hydrocarbons, nor the use of water…

Horizonal and Vertical Drilling

Horizontal and Vertical drilling are two different drilling techniques to explore and develop oil and gas properties Vertical Drilling Vertical drilling involves drilling a well straight down into the earth until the drill bit reaches…

Conformance

Oil production is separated into three phases: primary, secondary and tertiary, which is also known as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). There is a step to enhanced the recovery efficiency of oil, called “conformance” Conformance itself…

Drilling Problems

Drilling problems can be very costly. The most prevalent drilling problems include pipe sticking, lost circulation, hole deviation, pipe failures, borehole instability, mud contamination, formation damage, hole cleaning, H2S-bearing formation and shallow gas, and equipment…

Fishing

A common drilling problem is that something breaks in or falls down the well during drilling. The fragment from the break of the tools above are called fish or junk. The process to take the…

Blowout Preventers

The individual Blowout Preventers (BOPs) that constitute a system are stacked vertically atop the well. They are aligned to allow access through them into the wellbore while their various functions provide a variety of methods…

Sibayak Geothermal

During 1989 to 2000, Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE) has drilled 100 wells in 6 geothermal prospect with total proven reserve of 1,945 MW. The well drilled for electricity-generating capabilities are exist and being developed from.…