Conversion

The crude oil, which has been heated in Separation Process, will be continued processing to Conversion stage. Basically, Conversion stage will transform size and structure of hydrocarbon molecule. There will be three main processes in…

Separation

In the refinery of crude oil products, there are three main processes, which are: Separation, Conversion, and Treatment. The basic process of separation is mainly heating crude oil inside a distillation tower to separate components…

Oil Refining Stages

Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum…

Underground Storages

Natural gas, like most other commodities, can be stored for an indefinite period of time. Natural gas that reaches its destination is not always needed right away, so it is injected into underground storage facilities.…

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Enhanced oil recovery is the tertiary oil production. It is a method to increase production of a well up to 75%. It does not rely on natural rise of hydrocarbons, nor the use of water…

Horizonal and Vertical Drilling

Horizontal and Vertical drilling are two different drilling techniques to explore and develop oil and gas properties Vertical Drilling Vertical drilling involves drilling a well straight down into the earth until the drill bit reaches…

Drilling Problems

Drilling problems can be very costly. The most prevalent drilling problems include pipe sticking, lost circulation, hole deviation, pipe failures, borehole instability, mud contamination, formation damage, hole cleaning, H2S-bearing formation and shallow gas, and equipment…

Blowout Preventers

The individual Blowout Preventers (BOPs) that constitute a system are stacked vertically atop the well. They are aligned to allow access through them into the wellbore while their various functions provide a variety of methods…