Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy uses heat of earth as a source of renewable energy. It is generally used to create electricity. Heat from the earth’s crust warms fluid that seeps between underground rocks. This fluid will form…

Drilling Fluids Life Cycle

DRILLING FLUIDS LIFE CYCLE The annulus degraded by downhole conditions, dehydrated and loaded with formations solids which caused mud returns up to the surfaceAt the surface, the mud flows down from the flowline to the…

Pumpjack (How Does It Work?)

In a nutshell, Pumpjack works using up and down movement from the synergy of all the main parts. The movement will create an artificial pressure like a straw and forcing oil out of the well.…

Types of Rigs

A (drilling) rig is simply put, a structure that has heavy equipment and houses necessary facilities for drilling activities at a well. Every rig has 5 main systems to operate, which are: Power Generation system:…

Drilling Process

Boring A drill bit attached to the end of a drill pipe bores a vertical hole into the ground. Sometimes drilling can not be performed directly above the reservoir, so a process called “directional drilling”…

Deepwater Horizon

In April 20 th 2010, there was tragedy of the largest oil spill in industry ,named Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also called Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Deepwater Horizon was an oil rig built in…

Gravitational Survey

A. Definition of Gravitational Survey Gravitational Survey is an investigation on the basis of relative variations in the Earth´gravitational field arising from difference of density between subsurface rocks. B. Gravity Anomaly Gravitational Survey is determined…

Seismic Survey

In the oil & gas industry, to determine the location and size of oil and gas reservoir, there are several types of surveys, in which one of it is the seismic method, which uses impulses…