Cracking

Cracking is a type of conversion process in oil refining, besides combining and modifying. Cracking essentially breaks large hydrocarbon molecules into lighter ones. It was initialized by the high demand of gasoline or other middle…

Demisters

As described, separation is the first step of refining oil and gas. The separators are used to split the flow into desirable fractions.  There are many components of separators, such as demisters Demisters is a…

Reservoir

By definition, a reservoir in terms of oil & gas is a subsurface body of rock having sufficient porosity and permeability to store and transmit fluids. Due to the porosity (porous/accessible free space) of the…

Barge

Barge is one of many ways of delivering oil in the midstream industry. It is similar to oil tankers, only smaller and can’t move on its own. They usually operate on rivers and canals, carrying…

Conformance

Oil production is separated into three phases: primary, secondary and tertiary, which is also known as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). There is a step to enhanced the recovery efficiency of oil, called “conformance” Conformance itself…

Fishing

A common drilling problem is that something breaks in or falls down the well during drilling. The fragment from the break of the tools above are called fish or junk. The process to take the…

Sibayak Geothermal

During 1989 to 2000, Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE) has drilled 100 wells in 6 geothermal prospect with total proven reserve of 1,945 MW. The well drilled for electricity-generating capabilities are exist and being developed from.…

Dogleg

Doglegs are changes in well angle or direction from a predetermined path, usually measured in degrees per 30 m. In directional drilling, the well angle constantly deviates from the vertical axis. A dogleg refers to…