Pump Jack

Pump jack is a device used in oil extraction when the pressure inside a well is not sufficient to force oil up to the surface. Pump jacks create a process called “artificial lift” by adding…

Derrick

Derrick is a tower built over an oil well which is used for lifting and positioning the drill string and all machinery necessary for turning the drill string above the wellbore Source : https://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/en/Terms/d/derrick.aspx

Drilling

Drilling is a process whereby a hole is bored using a drill bit to create a well for oil and natural gas production. Drilling can be performed vertically or directionally, e.g.. forming a J shape or S shape. +…

3 facts about the Deepwater Horizon

1.What happened in the Deepwater Horizon was that kicks (unanticipated) occurred and flammable oil & gas were already on top of the BOP (Blowout Preventer) when the crew manually closed the annular preventers. 2. The…

Gravimeter

The main tool used in gravitational surveys in oil exploration. Gravimeter measures the difference in gravitational acceleration between 2 areas due to geological factors. This tool has accuracy of 0.01 milligal, meaning that it can…

Hydrophone

Hydrophone is a device that detects seismic energy in the form of pressure changes under water during marine seismic acquisition.[1] Arrays of hydrophones are towed behind exploration ships. When pressure waves released by air guns…

Porosity

Do you know that rocks aren’t completely solid? All rocks contain tiny spaces between its grains called pores. Porosity is described as a measure of the capacity of reservoir rocks to store fluids. [1] High porosity…

API Gravity

API gravity is an arbitrary scale expressing the density of petroleum products. Simply put, it is the “specific gravity” of oil, which is the ratio of the oil’s density to the water’s density. It is…